The goal of logical consequences is to help children develop internal understanding, self-control, and a desire to follow the rules. Logical consequences are meant to be respectful of the child's dignity while punishment often calls upon an element of shame.
I have provided a general example of logical consequences that you could use within the classroom. It covers the main 'minor' behavioral problems commonly faced within the classroom. Some adjustments may need to be made with younger students. If you would like to see any other examples added to this poster, please feel free to comment below or send me an email on firstname.lastname@example.org.
The main aim with logical consequences is to determine a consequence that fits the crime. For example, if a student breaks someone's pencil, then the logical consequence in this matter would be to either fix the pencil or to replace it rather than give them a time-out or detention.
Check out the short video below for a great discussion about natural and logical consequences.
There are some really good points in this video about classroom management and consequences. He gives some really good examples of ineffective and effective ways of delivering consequences. I watched this video when I started out teaching, and it really helped me find a balance between staying calm but being firm at the same time.
Some important points with effectively delivering classroom consequences:
Classroom rules are a must for a smooth running and happy classroom. Establishing classroom rules need to be set and understood from the first day back at school to set the tone for the rest of the school year. A way to encourage students to ensure that they follow the rules is to involve them in creating those rules!
Here's how to do it. Start with a list of what you consider the most important and necessary for a classroom, and then, through thoughtful discussion, work with your students to create a set of rules expressed in their language.
Here is an example of a starting list that you could use, adapt and expand it to meet the needs of your class and grade level:
As you go through creating and establishing the rules conduct a discussion about why each rule is important and how it impacts the rest of the class if a rule is broken. Once finalized, create a contract together and have each student write up the rules on the contract; each student is to sign their contract at the end. Keep the contracts filed together, so that if a rule is broken, there is the option to refer the student to their signed personal contract to point out that they breached it.
Some important tips to remember when creating the rules:
Point out and explain that rules help make everyone’s time in school more enjoyable; use examples to illustrate this point. An activity to reinforce this would be to split the students into groups and assign a particular rule to each. Each group must create a role play about a student breaking the rule and showing how it impacts others. Groups perform their rule role play in front of the class; whole class discussion post each performance about why the rule presented is important.
All the best for the new school year!
Naturally, I wasn't blessed with a deep loud voice, so straight from the moment I first stepped into the classroom I was forced to seek other ways that would easily get students' attention. Below I've outlined some non-verbal signal ideas that you could use or add to your bag of tricks. As always, teaching the expectations with these cues is an important part of implementing them.
- Clap a rhythm and request that students copy, followed by eyes and ears ready to listen.
- Raise hand and request students raise their hand to show that they are ready to listen.
- Carry out motions (tap head, tap shoulders, shake hands, etc) and require that students quietly follow. Keep doing this until you see all students copying with eyes and ears on you.
- Ring a bell, you could set the expectation of eyes and ears to the teacher and lips closed, or a simple FREEZE so that they instantly stop and quieten ready to listen to an instruction. I find students prefer the 'freeze' concept because it feels more like a game.
- Bang a drum, same idea/s with expectations set as above.
- Knock a rhythm on the desk and request that students copy (on desk or floor)
- Play a particular song. Choose a song that you will play when you need students to quickly finish what they are doing and be ready to sit and listen by the time the song ends. This non-verbal cue would be handy when you don't need their immediate attention, but want to give them time to be ready for it, such as when they are working on a project or group work. To keep it fresh, choose a new song every few weeks (you could even allow students to help choose the song... they would love being a part of the process and probably be more likely to respond to it as a cue.)
- Blow a whistle, best for using outdoors or in a very large space.
So there are some of the non-verbal cues that I've used in my classrooms across a range of ages. Having a few different cues to rotate through tends to be more effective than using just the one. In my experience, when I've use only one non-verbal cue for too long, students seem to develop an ability to "tune out," so I recommend having at least 3-4 non-verbal cues implemented in your classroom.
This is a great and easy way to let students know your expectations for a lesson. I'm not too sure what AIH stands for, but my guess based on the expectations is something about assessment.
Most of us teachers have experienced anger and tension between class members in the classroom at some point. It can be unsettling to other students in the classroom, and dangerous if not dealt with properly and quickly. In my first year of teaching I had an instance that escalated to a violent fight between two boys in my classroom! After that experience, I assured to keep some better strategies up my sleeve to try and prevent a situation like that.
After that day, which left me in tears, I searched for ways to prevent such horrible fights from occurring. While tension and anger between class members can’t be helped, knowing what I knew about the two students I feel that I should have done more besides separate them when I saw the anger rising. So after this experience, here were some strategies that I began using in my classroom to de-escalate an angry child or when tension was rising between class members:
Unfortunately, there may even be the situation where none of these strategies work depending on the individual student; yet still I have found these strategies useful on many occasions to put out potential 'fires' within the classroom.
If you have any other strategies and/or experiences that you would like to share I would love to hear them. Feel free to use the blog comments section down below.
Creating a positive classroom climate helps students become successful learners. I've visited a number of classrooms over the last few years, and I am always fascinated by the variety of ways teachers run their classrooms. I thought I'd share with you some tips and ideas I have learnt from other teachers and being in the classroom myself for creating a positive classroom climate:
1. Get to know your students – find out about their families, friends, likes, dislikes, interests, etc. An activity I've used frequently and had much success with is getting students to create a personal brochure or a website layout on paper.
2. Be approachable – Let students know that if they need help with anything that they can count on you.
3. Collaborative art displays – Create an artwork as a class, such as a mural.
4. Post and celebrate student work – When displays of art, projects, poems, and essays dominate the walls, there is student ownership of the room.
5. Reinforce positive behaviors – Whether it is verbal praise, a smile, a sticker, a token, points or a certificate, ensure that that the student knows what was good about their actions.
6. Be consistent and fair - sometimes to be fair you cannot treat them equally.
7. Take every opportunity to model tolerance and kindness to everyone – I think this point speaks for itself.
8. Show enthusiasm – Let students know that you are happy to be there and it’s not just a job that you have to do.
9. Have a positive attitude – Students sense your mood and feed off your attitude. If you’re positive, chances are that your students will also catch it.
10. Make learning relevant – Students are more engaged and retain knowledge better when they understand the purpose of what they are learning and how it is relevant in everyday lives.
11. Be flexible – don’t push that math lesson that you were planning on if your students are clearly unfocused and perhaps tired from a previous lesson. Perhaps throw in a brain break, play an educational game, or switch it for an easier lesson.
12. Give choices – As long as all of the options are all still in line with what you want them to do, give students freedom to choose between 2-3 options.
13. Have an outlet for expression –Have a box for students to express any concerns, issues or stories that they want to tell you and then try to read and deal with them when the opportunity arises.
14. Create a comfortable physical environment – Add some colorful cushions or bean bags for sitting on the floor.
If you have any other tips or suggestions, I would love to hear them!
A 21st century School Teacher, Mother, and Wife.